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練一練|山東省學位英語完形填空題型練習(五)

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發表時間:2023-12-09 16:30

完形填空是一種綜合性的語言測試形式,它不僅要求你具備豐富的詞匯知識和扎實的語法基礎,還需要你具備優秀的閱讀理解能力。通過這個模擬題,你可以檢測自己的完形填空技巧,提高在語境中理解和運用詞匯的能力。

完形填空練習題(1)

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閱讀下面短文,掌握其大意,然后從各題所給的 A、B、C和D項中,選出最佳選項。

Who designed (設計) the first helicopter (直升飛機)? Who--1--of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most--2--? There is an answer--3-- all these

questions --- Lceonardo de Vinci (達芬奇).

Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才)--4-- have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn't--5--a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.

But Leonardo--6--an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master (大師) painter, and as he got older he became--7-- more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways--8-- he was ready to paint.

Many of Leonardo's wonderful paintings are still with-- 9-- today. You may know one of his most famous works the--10--woman known as the Mona Lisa.

1.A.took       

B.made       

C.painted       

D.invented

2.A.artists     

B.doctors   

C.painters     

D.people :

3.A.to         

B.of         

C.for           

D.from

4.A.the scientists   

B.the artists  

C.the world  

D.people

5.A.draw .   

B.paint         

C.work         

D.build

6.A.was just   

B.wasn't just   

C.wasn't   

D.was no longer

7.A.less     

B.no           

C.even           

D.very

8.A.before   

B.after       

C.because       

D.when

9.A.him       

B.us           

C.them           

D.you

10.A.interesting   

B.crying   

C.smiling     

D.surprising

【解析】

1.C 為了引出話題人物一 達.芬奇,這里引用了設問手法,問題應表示“是誰畫了世界上最著名的畫”,故選擇動詞painted.

2.B 對人體比較了解的莫過于醫生了,將達●芬奇與醫生相比才能顯示其對人體的精通。故選擇doctors.

3.A 介詞to常表示一-- 對應的關系,“問題的答案”習慣表達為an answer to a question。

4.D 達芬奇應是世人所知道的天才中最偉大的人,the world一般指每個人,相當于第三人稱單數,故people為正確選項。

5.D draw和paint不合文意,work為不及物動詞,不能直接接賓語。在那個時代,達●芬奇所不能做的應是制造飛機,故選擇build.

6.B 這一句起承上啟下的作用,意為“達●芬奇不僅僅是一名發明家”,故選擇wasn't just.

7.C less和no不合文章,very不能用來修飾比較級,而even常用來修飾比較級,意為“甚至更....”故為正確選項。

8.A 為了使自己的畫達到最高境界,應在畫這幅畫之前去嘗試不同的畫法,所以應選 before。

9.B 達●芬奇的畫今天依然保存在世,為本文作者以及讀者所共享,所以應選us。

10.C 達●芬奇的名作一- -Mona Lisa 以畫中人物面部神秘的微笑而名揚天下,故選smiling。

完形填空練習題(2)

圖片

閱讀下面短文,掌握其大意,然后從各題所給的 A、B、C和D項中,選出最佳選項。

Farley worked for the Canadian government. One day, he was --1-- to learn more about wolves.Do wolves kill lots of caribou (北美馴鹿? Do they kill people?They gave him lots of food and clothes and guns. Then they put him on a plane and took him to--2-- .The plane put him down and went away. There were no houses or people in this place. But there were lots of animals and lots of wolves.

People tell terrible stories about wolves. They say wolves like to kill and eat people. Farley remembered these stories, and he was-- 3--. He had his gun with him--4 --.

Then one day, he saw a group of wolves. There was a mother wolf with four baby wolves. A

father wolf and another young wolf lived with them.Farley watched these wolves every day. The mother was a very --5-- mother. She gave milk to her babies. She gave them lessons about life. They learned how to --6--food. The father wolf got food for the mother. The young wolf --7-- the children. They were a nice, happy family--wolf family! Farley did not need his --8-- any more .ln a short time, he got on well with the family. Farley watched them for five months. He learned that many stories about the wolves were--9-- . Wolves do not cat people, and they do not cat many large animals. And he also learned bad things about men. It was men who killed many caribou and wolves.

Later, Farley wrote a book about wolves. He wanted people to --10 --them and not to kill them.

1.A.seen  

B.Told  

C.heard  

D.found

2.A.a small town  

B.a big city  

C.a far place   

D.a lonely village

3.A.afraid   

B.happy  

C.angry   

D.tired

4.A.at times  

B.all the time  

C.once a week  

D.every afternoon

5.A.bad  

B.good  

C.hungry

D.thirsty

6.A.cook

B.make  

C.get  

D.pick

7.A.shouted at  

B.looked into   

C.laughed at

D.played with

8.A.food

B.clothes

C.gun  

D.plane

9.A.not good  

B.not true  

C.not easy

D.not clear

10.A.grow  

B.have  

C.teach  

D.understand

【解析】

狼歷來被世人視為兇殘的動物,事實是否的確如此呢?帶著這一疑問,Farley 進行了實地考察,在和狼進行了零距離的接觸后,改變了自己的觀點。本文告訴我們要學會根據事實說話。

1.B Farley 是政府工作人員。從上下文得知他是被派去進行調查和研究狼的習性的,故選told。

2.C 根據下文飛機把 Farley 送到了一個沒有房屋和人的地方, 說明了這個地方不可能是城市,小鎮和村莊故afar place 為正確答案.

3.A 狼吃人的恐怖故事給孤身一人的 Farley 帶來的應是 afraid。

4.B 因為 Farley 害怕,所以槍應始終不能離身。all the time 意為”一直、始終”。

5.B 根據下文的描述,狼媽媽給孩子們喂奶,對孩子們進行訓練,可見是一位好媽媽,故選good.

6.C 狼只能獵取食物,而不能燒食物,生產食物。get 合乎文意,為正確答案。

7.D shout at 意為"朝···.-·大聲叫喊”: look into 意為"調查、觀察"; laugh at 意為"嘲笑·....."。這三個詞組都不符文意。play with 意為"和··.···一起玩耍",合文意為正確答案.

8.C the nice happy wolf family 讓 Farley 不再害怕,因此也就不再需要槍了,故選擇 gun。

9.B 因為他的親身體驗與他所聽到的相違背,說明以前關于狼的說法是不對的,故選not true.

10.D understand 意為"了解"合乎文意,為正確答案。

總結

完形填空的做法從歷年的試題可以看出,完形填空所采用的短文一般不給標題,且首句往往不設空,通常是個完整的句子。

這個句子往往是全文的關鍵句,它是了解全文的窗口,常常包含對解題有用的信息,因此考生要注重細讀首句,并據此來判斷文章的體裁、題材,推測全文的主旨和大意,推斷故事發生的人物、地點、時間、氣氛等多方面特征,爭取開局順利。

完形填空題除了注重考查考生對語境的理解外,還經常在完形填空的短文中設置前后互相暗示的考題。這種暗示多為后面暗示前面,也就是說前面的某些填空從當時的情況來看,或是線索不清,或是語境不明,無法填出,但只要我們繼續往后看,就會發現此空在后面的某個地方有暗示。同學們還是要多看多練哦!

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